Science technology innovation №3(7) 2018, 39-49 р


Androshchuk H. O. — PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Chief Senior Researcher, Head of Laboratory of Legal Support of Science and Technology Research, Institute of the National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine Intellectual Property, 11, Kazуmirа Malevуchа Str., Bldg. 4, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 200-08-76;


Abstract. Economic and legal analysis of the state and trends in the development of economic espionage and protection of IP objects in the process of international scientific and technical cooperation and technology transfer are carried out. The role of the state, intelligence services and enterprise management in countering economic espionage is shown (by the example of the USA). The role of trade secrets in international competition as intellectual capital, the basis for preserving the results of innovation activity and competitive advantages in the market are considered. The examples of investigation of high-profile cases on economic espionage in recent years are given. It is concluded that most of the theft of commercial secrets (more than 90% of cases) is carried out by insiders. A number of preventive measures to protect commercial secrets are proposed.

Keywords: economic espionage, intellectual property, commercial secret, cyber espionage, unfair competition, industrial espionage, national security, insider.

1. Demin V.A. Ekonomicheskij i promyshlennyj shpionazh: rasshirenie masshtabov i rost agressivnosti
[Economic and industrial espionage: scaling up and aggressiveness]. Available at: http://www.cprspb.
2. Perepechko L.N., Yagolnitser M.A., Rakhmanova A.R. (2017) Osobennosti razvitiya rynka intellektual’noj
sobstvennosti v mire i Rossii [Features of the Intellectual Property Market Development in the World and Russia]. Ehkonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economy and Entrepreneurship], No. 3 (part 1), pp. 54–64.
3. Effektivnoe ispol’zovanie intellektual’noj sobstvennosti: doklad. — Centr strategicheskih razrabotok
(2017) [Effective Use of Intellectual Property. Report. Center for Strategic Development]. Moscow (in Russ.), 57 p. Available at:
4. Chinese Industrial Espionage: Technology Acquisition and Military Modernization by William C. Hann, James Mulvenon, and Anna B. Puglis (Routledge, 2013), 378 p.
5. Soimin N.L. (2011) Specsluzhby i krupnyj biznes SSHA [Special services and large business of the USA]. Rossiya i Amerika v XXI veke [Russia and America in the XXI century electronic scientific journal], no. 1. Available at: http: // Act = read & id = 230.
6. National Security Strategy of Engagement and Enlargement. The White House, GPO, February 1995, p. 17.
7. Yakovlev Grigory (2016) Shpionazh po nauke [Espionage in science]. Voenno-promyshlennyj kur’er
[Military industrial courier] no. 28 (643) for July 27. Available at:
8. Pooley J. (2013) Trade secrets: the other IP right. WIPO Magazine, no. 3, pp. 2–4.
9. Darwin R. (2011) Protecting your business from trade secret theft. Intellectual Property Magazine, no. 4, pp. 48–49.
10. Can you keep a secret? It’s patent an idea, you have to publish it. Many companies prefer secrecy Mar
16th 2013. SEATTLE. From the print edition Intellectual property. Economist — World News, Politics, Economics. Available at:
11. Hakery ezhegodno vykachivayut iz mirovoj ehkonomiki polmilliarda dollarov [Hackers annually pump half a billion dollars from the world economy]. Available at:
12. Two Convicted in Conspiracy to Steal GM Trade Secrets Sentenced to Prison. Available at: steal-gm-trade-secretssentenced-to-prison.
13. Androschuk G.O. Zakhyst komertsiinoi taiemnytsi v SShA: protydiia ekonomichnomu shpyhunstvu
[Protection of commercial secrets in the USA: counteraction to economic espionage]. Nauka ta
innovatsii [Science and innovations]. T. 9, no. 1. pp. 80-95. Available at:
14. Ciardullo J.-P. (2014) Trade Secret Litigation. IP Litigator, March/April, pp. 30-31.
15. Jury Convicts Christian County Man for Stealing Trade Secrets from His Former Employer. Available at:
16. Executive Recruiter David Nosal Convicted of Computer Intrusion and Trade Secret Charges. Available at:
17. Local Chemical Engineer Indicted for Federal Charges in Trade Secrets Case. Available at:
18. The Insider Threat. An introduction to detecting and deterring an insider spy. The Federal Bureau of Investigation. Available at: about-us/investigate/counterintelligence/the-insider-
19. How Boeing engineer spied for Chinese for 30 years… and stole secret space shuttle designs. Daily Mail,
17 July 2009. Available at:
20. Bhattacharjee Yudhijit (2014) A New Kind of Spy. How China obtains American technological secrets. The New Yorker, May 5. Available at:
21. Singer Bill. Industrial Espionage at Dow Chemical. Forbes, 08/02/2011. Available at:
22. United States v. Wen Chyu Liu. Available at:
23. Passman P. (2014) Trade secret theft: increases in global pressure, protection for companies. WIPR,
Vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 43-44.
24. SSHA obvinili Rossiyu v shirokomasshtabnom ehkonomicheskom kibershpionazhe [US accused Russia of large-scale economic cyber-espionage]. Available at:
25. Defend Trade Secret Act of 2016. Available at:
26. Brachmann Steve. Reports Shows Significant Increase in Trade Litigation Since the Passage of DTSA.
Available at: -dtsa/id=99646.
27. IPPro Patents. Lex Machina launches business secrets Legal Analytics. Available at:
28. Evroparlament prizval otkazat’sya ot ispol’zovaniya antivirusa Kasperskogo [The European Parliament
called for refusal to use Kaspersky Anti-Virus]. Available at: