Science, Technologies, Innovations №1(21) 2022, 54-61 p

http://doi.org/10.35668/2520-6524-2022-1-08

Balanchuk I. S. — Senior Researcher of State Institution “Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information”, Antonovicha str., 180, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-09-81; balanchuk@uintei.kiev.ua;
ORCID: 0000-0002-5179-7350

CLASSICAL RESEARCH UNIVERSITY: BASIC INFORMATION — CONCEPT, PREREQUISITES, DEVELOPMENT

Abstract. What is a classical research university? What concepts does an institution of higher education of an innovative type include? What are the prerequisites and features of the creation and functioning of a new type of educational institution? What are the basic elements of such an educational institution? What are the features of teaching students in higher educational institutions specializing in research? How are high standards of education developed and put into practice in such educational institutions? The author will try to answer these and many other questions in this article. Based on data collected through qualitative selection and analysis of a wide range of specialized information, a number of relevant academic and professional literature, official documents, in particular laws, regulations, directives, etc., as well as a number of service information and educational portals of leading research universities of the world, a scientific study was launched on the creation, development and functioning of classical research universities in Ukraine and the world. The article outlined the prerequisites for the emergence of a classical research university in Europe. The concept of academic entrepreneurship and the relationship between it and research universities are explained. Explanations of scientific cooperation within the framework of the “triangle of knowledge” model are given, the basic features of the model are outlined. The problems of the topic and the main tasks that research universities are called upon to solve are highlighted. The essence of the components associated with the activities of the research university is revealed. The publications of scientists, thinkers and other European and world figures involved in the study of the issue of the creation and activities of research universities are analyzed.

Keywords: research university, innovation, transformation, academic entrepreneurship, graduate school, scientific research, institution of higher education.

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