Science, Technologies, Innovations №4(16) 2020, 3-13 p


Pysarenko T. V. — PhD in Engineering, Deputy Director for Scientific and Analytical Work of State Institution “Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information”, Antonovycha Str., 180, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-00-14;; ORCID: 0000-0001-9806-2872

Kuranda T. K. — Head of Departament of State Institution “Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information”, Antonovycha Str., 180, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-00-02;; ORCID: 0000 0002-5913-4113

Kochetkova O. P. — Deputy Head of Department of State Institution “Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information”, Antonovycha Str., 180, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-00-29;; ORCID: 0000-0002-8124-911X


Abstract. Resume. Funding is a necessary condition for the functioning of science in any country, its competitiveness in the global space, a key characteristic of the state of the national scientific and technological complex. Currently, countries with developed economies allocate large funds for the development of science in order to stimulate economic growth, increase the competitiveness of industry, energy and agriculture, health care, environmental protection, national security and others. The article examines the global costs of research and development, trends, funding models in leading countries according to open sources (including the National Center for Scientific and Technical Statistics of the US National Science Foundation, the Statistical Office of the European Union, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and development, etc.). The growth of expenditures on research and development, the systematic growth of science-intensive GDP — the main trend in the development of the world’s economic elite in recent decades. The significant increase in expenditures for the period 2000–2017 partly reflects the intensification of economic competition among the countries of the world. The current state of financing of scientific and scientific-technical works in Ukraine is shown on the basis of statistical data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine and information on the financial support of research and development in the priority areas of science and technology, which were performed at the expense of the state budget. the comparison of the volumes of financing of the scientific sphere in Ukraine and the countries of the world is carried out.

Keywords: scientific sphere, scientific researches and scientific and technical developments, financial maintenance, the state budget, priority directions of development of science and technology.


  1. Geets, V. M. (2005). Sotsialno­ekonomicheskie transformatsii pri perehode k ekonomike znaniy [Social and economic transformations in the transition to the knowledge economy]. Sotsialno­ekonomicheskie problemyi [Socio­economic problems]. P. 16­33.
  2. Malitskyi, B. A., Popovych, O. S., Soloviov, V. P., Yehorov I. Iu., & Bulkin I. O. (2004). Ratsionalne finansuvannia nauky yak peredumova rozbudovy znannievoho suspilstva v Ukraini [Rational financing of science yak changing the minds of raising a well­known suspension in Ukraine]. Kyiv: Feniks. 32 p.
  3. Lepori, B., Besselar, P., & Dinger, M. et al. (2007). Comparing the evolution of national research policies: what patterns of change? Science and Public Policy. Vol. 34, No. 6. Retrieved from: http://www.enid­
  4. Lööf, H., Heshmati, A. (2005). The Impact of Public Funds on Private R&D Investment: New Evidence from a Firm Level Innovation Study. MTT Discussion Papers, 3. Retrieved from:
  5. Bulkin, I. A. (2017). Masshtabyi krizisa finansirovaniya nauchno­tehnicheskoy deyatelnosti v Ukraine [The scale of the crisis in financing scientific and technical activities in Ukraine]. Retrieved from:­krizisa­nauki.
  6. Bulkin, I. A. (2016). Prioritetyi udelnogo finansirovaniya NIOKR v Ukraine v distsiplinarnom aspekte [Priorities of specific financing of R&D in Ukraine in the disciplinary aspect]. Nauka ta naukoznavstvo [Science and science]. 3. P. 71–88.
  7. Onopriienko, O., & Onopriienko, D. (2017). Ekonomichna efektyvnist naukovykh doslidzhen [Economic efficiency of scientific dosages]. Ekonomika, finansy, pravo [Economics, finance, law]. 5/1. P. 54–56.
  8. Sokolovska, A. (2018). Finansuvannia nauky v Ukraini: napriamy zmin [Financing of science in Ukraine: direct change]. Visnyk Kyivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenka [Bulletin of the Kyiv National University of Name of Taras Shevchenko]. P. 50–57.
  9. Sokolovska, A. M., & Petrakov, Ya. V. (2018). Zarubizhni modeli finansuvannia nauky [Foreign models of financial science]. Finansy Ukrainy [Finance of Ukraine]. 2. P. 48–71.
  10. Tarasiuk, M. V., & Maliarchuk O. V. (2017). Suchasnyi stan realizatsii innovatsiinoi polityky Ukrainy ta yii finansove zabezpechennia [The current state of implementation of the innovative policy of Ukraine and the financial security]. Ekonomika ta derzhava [Economy and state]. 1. P. 19–24.­6806.2020.5.70
  11. Vodianka, L. D., Pidhirna V. S., & Syroizhko, K. V. (2018). Zarubizhnyi dosvid derzhavnoho rehuliuvannia innovatsiinoi diialnosti [Foreign awareness of the sovereign regulation of innovation]. Investytsii: praktyka ta dosvid [Investments: practice and information]. 9. P. 77–82. Retrieved from:
  12. SITRA. Retrieved from:
  13. Drachuk, Yu. Z., Trushkina N. V. (2014). Zarubezhnyiy opyit institutsionalnogo obespecheniya venchurnogo finansirovaniya innovatsionnogo razvitiya [Foreign experience of institutional provision of venture financing of innovative development]. Molodyi vchenyi [Molodiy vcheniy]. 8 (11). P. 95–100. Retrieved from: www.irbis­…/cgiirbis_64.exe.
  14. Rozum, H. M. Derzhavno­pryvatne partnerstvo yak efektyvnyi instrument realizatsii innovatsiinoi polityky rehioniv [State­private partnership as an effective tool for the implementation of innovation policy of regions]. Retrieved from:
  15. Innovatsiina Ukraina — 2020 [Innovation Ukraine — 2020: national additional] (2015). Kyiv. 336 p.
  16. NSF.Science & Engineering Indicators. Retrieved from:
  17. OECD. Retrieved from:
  18. Eurostat. Your key to European statistics. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) of GDP. Retrieved from:­datasets/­/t2020_20&lang=en.
  19. Congressional Research Service. Global Research and Development Expenditures: Fact Sheet. Retrieved from:
  20. OECD iLibrary. Gross domestic spending on R&D Total, % of GDP, 2000–2019. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd­­and­services/gross­domestic­spending­on­r­d/indicator/english_d8b068b4­en#wrapper.
  21. Derzhstat Ukrainy [State Statistical Committee of Ukraine]. Retrieved from:
  22. Popovych, O. S. Naukovo­tekhnolohichna ta innovatsiina polityka: osnovni mekhanizmy formuvannia ta realizatsii [Science and technology and innovation policy: the main mechanisms of formulation and implementation (seen in other directions and additionally)]. (2019). Kyiv. 342 p. Retrieved from:­content/uploads/2019/12/knyzhka­Popovycha.pdf.
  23. Main Science and Technology Indicators. Retrieved from: https://read.oecd­­and­technology/main­science­and­technology­indicators/volume­2020/issue­1_e3c3bda6­en#page6.­en
  24. Naukova ta naukovo­tekhnichna diialnist v Ukraini u 2019 rotsi [Science and scientific and technical activity in Ukraine at 2019]. Retrieved from:­analitichni­materiali.
  25. Realizatsiia priorytetnykh napriamiv rozvytku nauky i tekhniky ta otrymani rezultaty u 2019 r. [Implementation of priority directions in the development of science and technology and the reduction of results in 2019]. Retrieved from:­analitichni­materiali.