Science, Technologies, Innovations №2(14) 2020

http://doi.org/10.35668/2520-6524-2020-2-02

Glamazdin V. P. — Advisor to CEO of JSC “NSC “Naftogaz of Ukraine”, B. Khmelnytskoho str., 6, Kyiv, Ukraine, 01601; +38 (044) 586-34-15, vadym.glamazdin@gmail.com; ORCID: 0000-0003-3459-3249

Melnyk O. V. — PhD in Economics, Senior Researcher, Head of Analytic Department in Research Center: Energy & Politics LLC, Lavrska str., 9, Kyiv, Ukraine, 01015; +38 (044) 280-64-57; melinik@ukr.net; ORCID: 0000-0001-5862-3022

Tonkogolosiuk V. M. — Deputy Director in Research Center: Energy & Politics LLC, Lavrska str. 9, Kyiv, Ukraine, 01015; +38 (044) 280-64-57; v.tonkogolosyuk@gmail.com; ORCID: 0000-0003-4469-422X

ELECTRICITY SECTOR DEVELOPMENT AS A COMPONENT OF ENERGY OF UKRAINE

Abstract. The study analyzed the current state and perspective directions of development of electric power complex of Ukraine. The problematic issues that have accumulated over many decades are highlighted. In particular, one of the main threats to the normal functioning of the electric power industry is a small proportion of maneuvering, peak and half-peak capacities. An analysis of the main events that took place during 2018-early 2020 in the electricity sector of Ukraine was conducted. The main tasks defined by the Energy Strategy of Ukraine for the period up to 2035 were considered. The analysis of legislative initiatives, in particular, requirements and improvement of the law “On Electric Energy Market”, the principles of work and basic requirements for the created Electricity Transmission System Operator was carried out. The reasons for the Guaranteed Buyer’s debt on electricity market to producers working at the “green” tariff have been determined. An analysis of the so-called “Gerus amendment” was carried out. This amendment allowed import of electricity from Russian Federation. The main threats to the introduction of market relations in a monopolized electric energy market were also identified. An analysis of the development of renewable energy sector was conducted. Since 2015, sector has increased its installed capacity from 701 megawatt to 5.4 gigawatt, or almost eight times. The main threats that can be realized with an increase in green energy capacities were analyzed. It was determined that the cost of supplying one kilowatt-hour of electric energy from renewable energy sources is much higher than from other sources. As a result of this, the share of energy from renewable energy sources in the tariff structure is many times higher than the share in the generation structure. A review of legislative innovations to limit the development of renewable energy sources was conducted.The article also analyzed data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine regarding the dynamics of electricity prices for all categories of consumers, taking into account transportation and distribution services.

Keywords: energy sector, fuel, energy resources, implementation, electricity generation, electricity consumption, traditional and renewable energy sources.

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