Science, Technologies, Innovations №3(27) 2023, 3-15 p

Kuranda T. K. — Head of Department of Ukrainian Institute for Scientific Tecnical Expertise and Information, 180, Antonovycha Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03150; +38 (044) 521-00-02;; ORCID: 0000-0002-5913-4113

Shved N. Yu. — PhD in Chemistry, Head of Sector Ukrainian Institute for Scientific Tecnical Expertise and Information, 180, Antonovycha Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03150; +38 (044) 521-00-29;; ORCID: 0000-0001-6597-1682

Osadcha A. B. — Senior Researcher of Ukrainian Institute for Scientific Tecnical Expertise and Information, 180, Antonovycha Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-00-29;; ORCID: 0000-0001-5151-2901

Vavilina N. I. — Senior Researcher of Ukrainian Institute for Scientific Tecnical Expertise and Information, 180, Antonovycha Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03150; +38 (097) 292-41-42;; ORCID: 0000-0002-4861-2810


Abstract. The world ocean plays an extremely important role in the life of mankind, has crucial importance for the accelerated development of the world economy, and is an important factor in geopolitics. Despite the huge potential of self-regulation, its condition is rapidly deteriorating today, mostly with the participation of humans. The problem of a more complete understanding of the role of the ocean in the functioning of the Earth system, the interaction of human and the ocean acquires special importance in these conditions, which requires appropriate research in many fields of science. One of the ways to identify gaps in knowledge about the world ocean can be a comprehensive analysis of the global array of scientific works in the areas of marine research. The global trends analysis of science development in the areas of marine research was carried out on the basis of data from the international platforms Web of Science and Research4Life. The analysis was carried out according to six conventional areas of marine research: (1. Ecology of rivers, seas, oceans, coastal areas, ecological consequences of human activity; 2. Fishing and aquaculture, water use activities; 3. Marine infrastructure; 4. Geology and development of marine mineral and energy resources; 5. Production of machines and equipment; 6. Management of water (sea, ocean, river) resources by indicators of publication number, citation number, growth rates of these indicators. According to the results of the scientometric publication analysis, the most relevant areas of marine research were determined, which include: “microplastics”, “biodiversity”, “aquatic biological resources”, “marine species”, “aquaculture”, “artificial intelligence”, “Internet of Things”, “green” and “smart” ports, “offshore wind farms”, “corrosion protection”, “blue economy”, which is confirmed by the results of the analysis. The world experience deserves special attention, including Ukraine’s scientific developments on protecting the ocean from plastic. The scientists’ list of technologies currently in use or being developed to prevent or collect plastic pollution includes 52 technologies.

Keywords: marine research, marine ecosystem, biodiversity, water resources, marine biology and ecology, fisheries, aquaculture, blue economy, water resources management.


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