Science, Technologies, Innovations №3(23) 2022, 52-62 p


Kamyshуn V. V. — D. Sc. in Pedagogy, Senior Researcher, Director of Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information; Antonovich Str., building 180, 02000; Kyiv, Ukraine; +38 (044) 521-00-10;; ORCID: 0000-0002-8832-9470

Balanchuk I. S. — Head of the Sector, State Institution “Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information”, 180, Antonovicha Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-09-81;, ORCID: 0000-0002-5179-7350


Abstract. After the creation and start of operation of the first research universities, interest in the work of such institutions is growing; the scientific community does not cease to use all the benefits from the activities of such educational institutions. Teaching and research have become an integral part of the classical research universities in Europe and the USA, setting new standards in the educational and scientific process. The purpose of this article is to study the history of the creation of the first research universities in Europe and the USA, as well as the characteristics of modern research educational institutions in the leading countries of the world. The main scientific methods that were used in writing this work are comparative-historical and system-analytical methods, which made it possible, through comparison and analysis, as well as through analytical work, to establish key points, identify the nature of the interaction and evaluate the overall results of the activities of the first research universities in Europe and the USA. The main results obtained in the course of this study can be identified as follows: characteristics and classification of research universities in leading European countries and the USA; the main prerequisites for the development of the system of research universities in Ukraine. The results of this scientific work and the conclusions obtained in the course of the presented study can be used for further scientific research on this topic, as well as for: teachers and students of higher educational institutions in the specialty of history, pedagogy, educational technology.

Keywords: research university, innovation, transformation, academic entrepreneurship, scientific research, higher education, United States of America, Europe.


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