Science, Technologies, Innovations №3(15) 2020, 33-43 p

Balanchuk I. S. — Senior Researcher of State Institution “Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information”, Antonovicha str., 180, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-09-81;;  ORCID: 0000-0002-5179-7350


Abstract. It has long been known: high-quality education, the possession of practical knowledge among the population is the key to the successful development of any country. This applies to all sectors of the economy, especially the scientific and technical sphere. Countries of the Scandinavian region actively use this axiom in their activities. In particular, Sweden launched a chain of reforms in the educational and scientific sectors more than 30 years ago, which today led to the emergence of a highly developed intellectual society that evolves based on quality education and professional knowledge. Such a society is uniquely able to build an innovative state of modern design that clearly addresses all the challenges. The key place of education and knowledge getting in Sweden, as well as around the world, is higher education institutions. A hundred years ago, Sweden was a poorly developed country, which occupied the last positions by almost all criteria, both at the global and regional levels. However, everything changed with the beginning of economic, social, educational and scientific reforms. High-quality education, practical knowledge, human “capital” took first place in importance for the Swedish authorities, and this was a turning point in the history of this country. The right decisions at the right times led to hundreds of thousands of foreign citizens rushing into Sweden to study and work. To later, after some time, build an innovative society in their countries. Sweden, as a result, received a solid basis in the field of science and innovation. And, as a result, a high level of commercialization of its own developments and technologies. The number and quality of research and development work is constantly growing, the level of scientific work allows their authors to become the best in their fields of research at the regional and global levels. All these results became possible thanks to a whole complex of complicated decisions, reforms, but the main factor in this process was the active involvement of higher education institutions in the scientific process in Sweden.

Keywords: Sweden, education, science, innovation ecosystem, innovation, technology transfer, higher education institutions, R&D, economics, commercialization.


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