Science, Technologies, Innovations №2(14) 2020

Yehorov I. Yu. — Doctor of Economics, Professor, Corresponding Member of NAS of Ukraine, Head of Department, Institute of Economics and Forecasting, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 26, Panas Mirnyi str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 01011; +38 (044) 280-14-02, +38 (099) 152-47-49;; ORCID: 0000-0002-3829-6383


Abstract. Scientific and technological development seriously affects all socio-economic processes in the modern world. In this paper. The main trends in employment and education in the context of technological changes are analyse in the article. The highlighting of trends in relevant areas in developed countries is the priority. Conclusions regarding structural changes in employment are made; in particular, tendencies for a decrease in permanent employment among middle-skilled workers and a deterioration in the situation for unskilled workers are identified. An important factor is the transition to part-time employment. New situation requires new approaches to the organization of education, including the development of flexible, professional education, focused on the needs of areas of activity that are developing rapidly. The final part of the paper contains brief discussion of the situation in Ukraine in the spheres of employment and training. Deindustrialization in the past three decades has had a negative impact on the structure of employment and the specialization of university graduates. The emigration of young people is becoming an increasingly important factor affecting the labour market. It is concluded that for Ukraine, which is included in the international division of labour as a “junior partner,” the choice of the right strategy for specializing in economic activity and in the field of training (education) in the face of growing competition is an extremely important task.

Keywords: employment, education, technological change, major trends, information and communication technology sector.


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