Berezniak N. V. — Senior Researcher of State Institution “Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information”, Antonovicha str., 180, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-09-67; email@example.com; ORCID: 0000-0002-0125-2213
Rozhkova L. V. — Head of Sector State Institution “Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information”, Antonovicha str., 180, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38(044)521-09-67; firstname.lastname@example.org; ORCID: 0000-0001-8002-3461
THE PROCESS OF ENTREPRENEURIAL DISCOVERY IN THE CONTEXT OF REGIONAL SMART SPECIALIZATION: SOME THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL ASPECTS
Abstract. The issue of shaping a new EU innovation policy based on smart specialization is new to the developed countries and to Ukraine in particular. Currently, regional state administrations are tasked with developing regional development strategies based on European approaches to smart specialization. One of the main principles of smart specialization is the entrepreneurial discovery process — EDP, to which this article is dedicated. The views of smart specialization theorists on the emergence of this phenomenon, peculiarities of its formation and development in interaction and interdependence on the factors of technological and knowledge influence on the economic growth of countries and regions, establish of their competitive advantages, make political decisions to support the development of priority technologies and sectors, attracting public and private investment in research and development were analyzed. The theoretical foundations of the concept of entrepreneurial discovery are considered, which have a decisive influence on the choice of the structure of regional smart strategies, as well as on the formation of priorities of innovation development, focusing on the existing strengths of the regional economy and innovations and using the results of private and public research and development carried out on this territory. The European Commission program documents have been studied, in which conceptual approaches to the entrepreneurial discovery process have been concretized and developed in the context of developing and implementing smart specialization strategies at national / regional levels. The Smart Specialization Research and Innovation Strategy Guide emphasizes the need for step-by-step development of a regional smart specialization strategy. The study found that the EDP principle more or less influence on the formation of each of the six stages of a smart strategy. Examples of such influence are given.
Keywords: research, stage, knowledge, concept, entrepreneurial discovery, approach, view, policy, priority, process, smart specialization, smart strategy, EDP, RIS3.
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