Volosheniuk L.V. — Senior Researcher of Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information, 180, Antonovycha Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-00-34; email@example.com; ORCID 0000-0002-0906-9675
Hornostai N.I. — Senior Researcher of Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information, 180, Antonovycha Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-00-34; firstname.lastname@example.org;
Mykhalchenkova O.E. — Head of the Department of UkrISTEI, 180, Antonovуchа Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044)521-09-81; email@example.com; ORCID 0000-0001-7784-9668
INNOVATIVE ENTREPRENEURSHIP AS AN EFFECTIVE MECHANISM OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN ISRAEL
Abstract. In the article, the authors revealed how the transfer of technology from the university to business is carried out and the “gap at the development level” is bridged in Israel. The policy, models, and principles in the field of technology transfer, mechanisms of stimulating the technology transfer by researchers to business are analyzed, it’s studied how the entrepreneurial initiative of the Israeli research institutions is implemented. There are several ways to support technology transfer. One of them is targeted programs aimed at stimulating the interaction of the scientific community and business, carried out on the initiative of the government, represented by the Office of the Chief Scientist and with his financial support. Another mechanism for encouraging the technology transfer by researchers to business is tax exemption. In most cases, an entrepreneurial initiative in the field of technology can be implemented without the full involvement of the inventor. In such cases, the licensee takes charge of the process of developing the technology and product. Models of researcher participation in the implementation of entrepreneurial initiative in the field of technology, as a rule, are implemented in one of the following ways: a) issuing a license for innovative technology to a company engaged in the relevant industry; b) licensing of a startup, which is created due to the invention of technology. In Israel, there are three sectors of R&D, each of which operates independently of one another and forms its own policy in the field of technology transfer by public research institutes to business. Successful technology transfer mechanisms have been created in the scientific environment that serve the interests of universities and society and do not require intervention from the regulator. The commercial sector works for the benefit of business with the financial and other support of the regulator, represented by the Chief Scientist at the Ministry of Commerce.
Keywords: technology transfer, innovative entrepreneurship, technology commercialization, research university, know-how.
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