Science technology innovation №4(8) 2018, 36-46 p


Pysarenko T. V. — PhD in Engineering, Deputy Director for Scientific and Analytical Work of Ukrainian Institute for Scientific Technical Expertise and Information, 180, Antonovycha Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-00-14;

Kuranda T. K. — Head of Departament of UkrISTEI, 180, Antonovycha Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-00-02;

Kochetkova O. P. — Deputy Head of Department of UkrISTEI, 180, Antonovycha Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 03680; +38 (044) 521-00-29;


Abstract. In modern society, the organization and financing of research and development (R&D) are becoming increasingly important factors in economic development and enhancing its competitiveness. R&D amount financed analysis by countries shows that in 2018 the six country-leaders in terms of R&D national budgets will include the USA, China, Japan, Germany, South Korea and India, the total share of expenditures on R&D will be 68,6%. Against the background of the country-leaders, the R&D budget of Ukraine may prove to be uncompetitive. The article analyzes the current state and effectiveness of financial support of scientific research institutes in Ukraine. The main tendencies and shortcomings of financial support of scientific researches are revealed. One of the main indicators of use efficiency of budget funds for science is the scientific and technical product, which was created in the process of carrying out scientific and technical works and implemented in practice. The monitoring results of implementation of priority areas are considered. The article analyzes the creation and implementation of scientific and technical products dynamics from 2013 to 2017. Part of the cost of R&D in Ukraine is less than 0.9% of the country’s GDP, which is the generally accepted norm for the state to implement the main functions: cognitive, economic, social and defense. As a result, a significant decline in the Ukrainian economy is due to insufficient and disproportionate financing of science, an inefficient system of science management, isolation of science from production, low innovative activity of enterprises and businesses, which explains the low demand for scientific research by the economy.

Keywords: scientific sphere, research and development, financial support, state budget, priorities, scientific and technical developments, scientific (scientific and technical) products, efficiency.

1. Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrainy vid 15.01.2015 № 5/2015 “Pro Stratehiiu staloho rozvytku “Ukraina – 2020”
[Decree of the President of Ukraine dated January 15, 2015 № 5/2015 “On the Strategy of Sustainable Development “Ukraine-2020”]. Available at:
2. Malitskyi B.A. (2007) Prykladne naukoznavstvo [Applied science of science]. Kyiv (in Ukr.): Feniks Publ., 464 p.
3. Malitskyi B.A., Popovych O.S., Soloviov V.P. at al. (2004) Ratsionalne finansuvannia nauky yak peredumova
rozbudovy znannievoho suspilstva v Ukraini [Rational financing of science as a prerequisite for the development of a knowledge society in Ukraine]. Kyiv (in Ukr.): Feniks Publ., 32 p.
4. Bulkin I.O. (2011) Do pytannia vyznachennia kilkisnoho oriientyru obsiahu biudzhetnoho finansuvannia naukovo-tekhnichnoi diialnosti v Ukraini [On the issue of determining the quantitative benchmark for the budget financing of scientific and technical activities in Ukraine]. Problemy nauky [Problems of science], no. 6, pp. 2–10.
5. Druhov O.O., Sukharevych V.T. Udoskonalennia finansovoho zabezpechennia sfery nauky v Ukraini
[Improvement of financial provision of science sphere in Ukraine]. Available at:
6. Illiashenko T.O., Radionova I.O. (2010) Problemy ta perspektyvy finansuvannia osvity i nauky v Ukraini v umovakh ekonomichnoi kryzy [Problems and Prospects of Financing Education and Science in Ukraine in Conditions of Economic Crisis]. Mekhanizm rehuliuvannia ekonomiky [Mechanism of regulation of economy], no. 1, pp. 223–228.
7. Khvalinskyi S., Osypchuk M. (2014) Finansove zabezpechennia naukovoi diialnosti v Ukraini v konteksti
yevrointehratsii [Financial support of scientific activity in Ukraine in the context of eurointegration]. Svit finansiv [World Finance], no. 4, pp. 116–125. Available at: 2014_4_16.
8. Yatskiv Ya.S. (2005) Naukovo-tekhnolohichna sfera Ukrainy: zahalnostatystychni dani ta sproba peredbachennia [Scientific and technological area of Ukraine: general data and the attempt of prediction]. Nauka ta naukoznavstvo [Science and science of science], no. 3, pp. 19–27.
9. Science & Engineering Indicators, 2018. Available at:
10. Global R & D Funding forecast, 2018. Available at:
11. Naukova ta innovatsiina diialnist v Ukraini (2018) [Scientific and innovative activity in Ukraine]. Kyiv (in Ukr.): State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 305 p.
12. Liashenko O.M. Rezultatyvnist biudzhetnoho finansuvannia naukovykh doslidzhen v Ukraini. Natsionalnyi instytut stratehichnykh doslidzhen [Effectiveness of budget financing of scientific research in Ukraine. National Institute for Strategic Studies]. Available at: content/articles/files/
13. Maksym Strikha: u nas ekonomika, yakii nauka ne potribna. Ukrainskyi naukovyi portal [Maxim Strikha: We have an economy in which science is not needed. Ukrainian Scientific Portal]. Available at: http://
14. The Global Competitiveness Report 2017–2018. World Economic Forum. Available at: